Major findings from National Family Health Survey 5 (NFHS-5) are tabulated below. Findings from NFHS-4 are also provided for comparison. While the official (government) fact sheet provides only totals from NFHS-4, the table below provides rural, urban, and total. Unlike the government fact sheet, NFHS-4 findings are provided first so that when reading from left to right one first reads the previous findings, then the latest ones.
1 Piped water into dwelling/yard/plot, public tap/standpipe, tube well or borehole, protected dug well, protected spring, rainwater, community RO plant.
2 Flush to piped sewer system, flush to septic tank, flush to pit latrine, ventilated improved pit (VIP)/biogas latrine, pit latrine with slab, twin pit/composting toilet, which is not shared with any other household.
3 Electricity, LPG/natural gas, biogas.
4 Includes other methods that are not shown separately
5 Includes female sterilization, male sterilization, IUD/PPIUD, Pill, Condom
6 Unmet need for family planning refers to fecund women who are not using contraception but who wish to postpone the next birth (spacing) or stop childbearing altogether (limiting). Specifically, women are considered to have unmet need for spacing if they are:
- At risk of becoming pregnant, not using contraception, and either do not want to become pregnant within the next two years, or are unsure if or when they want to become pregnant.
- Pregnant with a mistimed pregnancy.
- Postpartum amenorrhoeic for up to two years following a mistimed birth and not using contraception.
Women are considered to have unmet need for limiting if they are:
- At risk of becoming pregnant, not using contraception, and want no (more) children.
- Pregnant with an unwanted pregnancy.
- Postpartum amenorrhoeic for up to two years following an unwanted birth and not using contraception.
Women who are classified as infecund have no unmet need because they are not at risk of becoming pregnant. Unmet need for family planning is the sum of unmet need for spacing plus unmet need for limiting.
7 Includes mothers with two injections during the pregnancy of her last birth, or two or more injections (the last within 3 years of the last live birth), or three or more injections (the last within 5 years of the last birth), or four or more injections (the last within 10 years of the last live birth), or five or more injections at any time prior to the last birth.
8 Below -2 standard deviations, based on the WHO standard.
9 Below -3 standard deviations, based on the WHO standard.
NOTE 1: Although the proportion of children under 5 years who are stunted, wasted, or underweight has decreased, the proportion of children under 5 years who are severely wasted has marginally increased.
NOTE 2: While the proportion of men and women who are underweight has decreased, the proportion of men and women who are overweight or obese has increased.
NOTE 3: Overall, across all ages the proportion of persons who are anaemic has increased.
Link to NFHS-5 Fact sheet:
Link to NFHS-4 Fact sheet: