Measures of Morbidity: Incidence Rate and Attack Rate

Incidence Rate

Incidence refers to the new cases of a disease.

The incidence rate of a disease is defined as the number of new cases of said disease that occur during a specified time period in a population at risk for developing the disease.

Incidence rate per population unit (x) =

(where x is a multiple of 100)

Note: If you want to know the incidence per 1000 population, substitute x with 1000. For incidence per 10,000 population substitute x with 10,000 and so on.

Considering the occurrence of disease as an event, incidence rate is a measure of events- disease is identified in previously disease free people who subsequently develop disease. Since incidence rate captures the transition from non-diseased state to diseased state, it is a measure of risk.

The incidence rate is comprised of two data elements- numerator and denominator (the multiplier is not data derived). We will look at numerator and denominator in turn.

2 thoughts on “Measures of Morbidity: Incidence Rate and Attack Rate

  1. Pingback: Measures of Morbidity: Prevalence | communitymedicine4all

  2. Pingback: Risk ratio versus Rate ratio | communitymedicine4all

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