The World Health Organization released the World Malaria Report 2014 in the United Kingdom Houses of Parliament on December 9th, 2014.
Key Findings/ Points:
- An estimated 198 million cases of malaria occurred globally in 2013 and the disease
led to 584 000 deaths.
- The burden is heaviest in the WHO African Region, where an estimated 90% of all malaria deaths occur, and in children aged under 5 years, who account for 78% of all deaths.
- In 2013, almost half of the population at risk (49%, range 44–54%) had access to an insecticide-treated mosquito net (ITN) in their household, compared to 3% in 2004.
- An estimated 44% (range 39–48%) of the population at risk were sleeping under an ITN in 2013, compared to 2% in 2004.
- Pregnant women and children were more likely than the general population to sleep under an ITN.
- In the WHO African region, the population at risk protected by Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) has declined from 11% (2010) to 7% (2013) due to a withdrawal or downsizing of spraying programmes in some countries.
- The most commonly reported resistance (49 out of 63 reporting countries since 2010) is to pyrethroids, the most frequently used insecticide in malaria vector control.
- The total number of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) distributed by national malaria control programmes increased from fewer than 200 000 in 2005 to more than 160 million in 2013. 83% of these were distributed in the WHO African Region.
- In 2013, the number of patients tested by microscopic examination remained unchanged from the previous year, at 197 million. Of these, India accounted for over 120 million slide examinations.
- As of November 2014, only eight countries allow the marketing of artemisinin-based
oral monotherapies. However, 24 pharmaceutical companies, mostly in India, continue to market oral monotherapies.
- If the annual rate of decrease that has occurred over the past 13 years is maintained, then by 2015 malaria mortality rates are projected to decrease by 55% globally, and by 62% in the WHO African Region.
- In children aged under 5 years, by 2015 they are projected to decrease by 61% globally and by 67% in the WHO African Region.
- Of the estimated 4.3 million deaths averted between 2001 and 2013, 3.9 million
(92%) were in children aged under 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa. These 3.9 million averted deaths accounted for 20% of the 20 million fewer under 5 deaths that would have occurred between 2001 and 2013 had under-5 mortality rates for 2000 applied for each year between 2001 and 2013.
- Thus, reductions in malaria deaths have contributed substantially to progress towards achieving the target for MDG 4, which is to reduce, by two thirds, the under-5 mortality rate between 1990 and 2015.
Link to World Malaria Report 2014 (full report):
Click to access 9789241564830_eng.pdf
Link to Key Points of World Malaria Report 2014:
Link to WHO Malaria page hosting World Malaria Report 2014 and related documents/ links:
Link to Factsheet on World Malaria Report 2014:
Link to Malaria Country Profiles 2014:
Link to WHO News Release on World Malaria Report 2014:
Link to Roll Back Malaria website: